Identifying and Displaying Raster and Vector Data

Here is a map of active fires in July 2019 (above).

This map compares July 2018 NDVI with total population.  The prevalence of vegetation in the Northern Hemisphere and higher populations is visible.  An introduction to the data sources and working in ArcGIS Pro is here, and instructions for working with multiple data frames are here.

As another example, the following maps compare rainfall and total population, also using NASA NEO and Natural Earth Data sources.